Affirmative action has sparked heated arguments, numerous legal challenges and is misinterpreted more often than not. Nevertheless, as a theoretical model, affirmative action is relevant for advancing a broad racial justice policy. The term has been used since the start of President Kennedy’s administration more than fifty years ago. Its enduring principles are crucial for eradicating systemic practices that exclude highly competent people of color and other marginalized goods. Supreme Court has twice held that a public university has a compelling interest of the highest order in achieving diversity on campus. Black students have been found to score lower on tests than white students. Harmon believes that this is because they do not think they have to work as hard as other students because it was easy for them to get into schools.

I knew students in college then barely able to read, students unable to grasp the function of a sentence†. Affirmative action policies are guaranteeing the college experience for students that are ill-equipped to reap the full benefits from it. Even if help can be provided to those that need it, is it right to do so? The simple statement that minority students in general need additional assistance above and beyond the assistance given to majority students, is an endorsement for the inferiority of minority students.

The Purpose and Political Function of Affirmative Action

The suggestion that BYU was doing something scandalous doesn’t hold up to scrutiny. The index that the university used until 2015 had 100 possible points of those points were based on GPA and ACT scores alone. The remaining 24 points bridge in essay example gave students credit for a variety of factors ranging from being an active Mormon to extracurricular activities to taking Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate courses to residing in Alaska or east of Colorado.

Thus, people who qualified as financially or academically underprivileged and were part of a marginalized community were given 16 of the university’s 100 seats (Kaplin & Lee, 2009). Several justifications were provided to support this affirmative action program. Nonetheless, several state universities provide significant admissions preferences to particular races. Of California v. Bakke , although the decision how to quote examples was close and contentious (Kaplin & Lee, 2009). On the one hand, these favors ensure equality, eliminate previous discrimination, and increase educational heterogeneity, therefore fulfilling the fundamental goal of equal protection. However, on the other hand, they may be interpreted as favoring certain races at the detriment of others, which contradicts the Equal Protection Clause’s stated objective.

An Examination of the Supporters and Opponents of Affirmative Action

In reality, it would punish specific candidates in the guise of equal protection. Moving away from a numerical scale and to a holistic admissions process actually gives a university more discretion to advantage a certain group of applicants, be it members of a racial minority or men. I believe in the ideal of holistic admission, but it can also place a shroud over the admissions process, making it difficult to understand how decisions are made from applicant to applicant. At the end of the day, schools are going to admit the students who submit the most impressive applications.

affirmative action college admissions essay

However, they ignore the fact that certain groups of people are at an inherent disadvantage when it comes to education and careers. Races, genders, and economic classes that have been systematically oppressed do not possess the ability to spring up and match the ones who were once privileged. That privilege still exists, and as a means of reparation, affirmative action is a necessary course of action. Looking back to the first argument, studies have shown that affirmative action has helped women and can be useful. More transparency and accountability will ensure that this benefit can reach other oppressed groups as well.

History of Affirmative Action in College Admissions

In that minority students are being chosen over the qualifications of others. This creates a mainstream of problems; some find affirmative action unfair, while others find it helpful. Not long after that, several universities would start implementing affirmative action policies by using race as a factor… Affirmative action is promoting opportunity to those of a minority group who don’t have the opportunity to begin with. No matter your gender, race, religion, etc. if you have not had the opportunity that the majority has had because of something you cannot control then you should be afforded the opportunity so you can be on an even playing field in life. Yes affirmative action is still necessary today and will be until everyone is afforded the same opportunities. These opportunities included but are absolutely not limited to religion, race, and gender of individuals within our society.

affirmative action college admissions essay

Since its inception, courts have narrowed the definition of acceptable affirmative action measures. Affirmative action programs were first developed in higher education institutions in the 1960s and 1970s to increase access for underprivileged and disadvantaged groups in society, particularly people of color (Benokraitis & Feagin, 2019). In 1978, the Supreme Court got the opportunity to deliberate on such policies in the Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke. The case was filed by Allan Bakke, a white man who was refused entry to pursue medicine at the University of California at Davis .

How Affirmative Action for Colleges Affects Admissions Today

The population of the United States of America consists of a variety people. Individuals also vary upon characteristics, genetics, mental capabilities,. The Declaration of Independence states “all men are created equal” and how to start an essay with a quote format have certain unalienable rights that among these are “Life Liberty and the. Liberal Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson pushed back against Strawbridge’s description of UNC’s process, saying race is never considered alone.

  1. This explanatory research project evaluates the impact of Hopwood v. the State of Texas on minority enrollment at the University of Texas at Austin.
  2. According to Torres , most academically gifted students from low-income households are oblivious of their college choices, and two-thirds never even enroll in top universities, despite their abilities.
  3. All minorities, genders, people of different religions, etc. should have an equal shot at an education.
  4. In this scenario, colleges are unable to consider race at all in admissions.
  5. Affirmative action has sparked heated arguments, numerous legal challenges and is misinterpreted more often than not.
  6. Not long after that, several universities would start implementing affirmative action policies by using race as a factor…

No matter what’s going on with affirmative action in colleges, channeling your energy into putting together the best college application you can is crucial. The rulings on the Harvard and UNC cases are likely to essay commentary be released during summer 2023. In the meantime, these examples of affirmative action in education remind us that admissions policies are always subject to change–even policies that have existed for decades.

Creating Percent Plans Texas

We concluded that admissions is not noticeably biased against Asian Americans, and that ending affirmative action does not increase their admissions chances. On October 31st, the Supreme Court will hear oral arguments for two cases.

Jim Jump is the academic dean and director of college counseling at St. Christopher’s School in Richmond, Va. He has been at St. Christopher’s since 1990 and was previously an admissions officer, women’s basketball coach and philosophy professor at the college level.

Essays Related to College Affirmative Action and Reverse Discrimination

The Supreme Court ruled narrowly that colleges are legally allowed to apply the race component in their enrollment policy as long as it aims to increase diversity. Those who oppose affirmative action claim that the policy makes college admissions more discriminatory. These people argue that granting advantages to one group, based on race or any other factor, impacts other groups negatively.

  1. That Harvard had explored other ways to maintain diversity on campus, but was unable to find workable alternatives.
  2. Aspects like grades and test scores are still the most critical factors in determining whether or not a student will be admitted into college.
  3. Some justices, however, indicated they would be willing to allow applicants to discuss their racial identities in some form as part of essays touching upon their experiences, such as examples of overcoming discrimination.
  4. Florida and California established schemes to ensure enrollment to public universities for exceptional graduates from every high school in their respective states.
  5. White male applicants have always been the majority of students at elite colleges and universities.

To begin with, UC Davis claimed that the initiative was designed to address previous inequality in medical schools and the healthcare field. Finally, it stressed the educational advantages that come with having a multicultural student population. UC Davis’s policy would have been sustained as constitutional under the Equal Protection Clause and the Fourteenth Amendment on the basis that it was designed to mitigate the impact of previous social prejudice, according to four justices (Kaplin & Lee, 2009). These justices were considered highly conservative and prohibited institutions from using race to shape their admission criteria.

Should Affirmative Action Be Required In College Admissions?

She pointed out that once gender imbalance reaches a certain “tipping point” fewer men — and fewer women — find a campus attractive. That essay was roundly criticized as a defense of preferential admissions treatment for male applicants, and the wounds from the criticism were still raw two years later when I approached her to be on a panel on gender and college admission. PrepScholar Admissions is how to set up a quote in an essay the world’s best admissions consulting service. We combine world-class admissions counselors with our data-driven, proprietary admissions strategies. We’ve overseen thousands of students get into their top choice schools, from state colleges to the Ivy League. While we can’t know for certain, there’s always the possibility that there will be more changes to affirmative action in higher education.

However, the population deficit is a result of the application approval pool. Gersen indicates that since the 1990’s the number of Asian freshmen in Harvard has remained relatively constant between 16% and 19% while the number has doubled in terms of the general Asian population. In the recent past, there has been a lawsuit against Harvard University arising from allegations of racial discrimination . This lawsuit has triggered some interest in the minds of many Asian Americans about race-conscious admissions and selections. As such, many of these Asian-Americans have come out to support affirmative action policies openly. Recent data indicate that back in 2012, close to 78% of all Chinese living in the United States supported affirmative action.

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